Shorthand Course in Rawalpindi

Shorthand Course in Rawalpindi, Shorthand is any system of rapid handwriting which can be used to transcribe the spoken word. Shorthand systems use a variety of techniques including simplifying existing letters or characters and using special symbols to represent phonemes, words and phrases. A brief history of shorthand systems, Ever since the invention of writing scribes have used various techniques to enable them to take notes quickly and efficiently. The Ancient Egyptians devised two scripts, Hieratic and Demotic, as alternatives to their complex Hieroglyphic script, which was used mainly for monumental inscriptions. Both Hieratic and Demotic worked on the same principles as the Hieroglyphs but the symbols were considerably simplified. During the 4th century BC, the Greeks devised a number of symbol systems which reduced letters to a single stroke and which could also be used to represent common words, suffixes and prefixes. Such systems are generally referred to as stenography (narrow writing), brachygraphy (short writing) or tachygraphy (swift writing). Their purpose was to make writing more compact and/or faster. One shorthand system popular with the Romans was Tironian Notes or Notae Tironianae, which was invented by Cicero's secretary Tiro in order to record Cicero's speeches. It used a combination of simplified letters and special symbols and was used in Europe in various forms until the Middle Ages. During the Han Dynasty (207BC - 220AD) the Chinese devised two methods of rapid writing known as xíngshū (running script) and căoshū (draft script). In the Running script some of the strokes that make up characters are joined and others are left out. In the Draft script each character is written with a single continuous stroke and there is considerable variation in how this is done. As a result, the Draft script is very difficult to read without special training. Attempts have been made to standardise the way the characters are written in the Draft script but they have not met with popular acclaim. Most traditional shorthand systems use a phonetic representation of a word as opposed to the way it is spelled. English spelling has 50 speech sounds and 26 letters to represent them. Here are the issues you will face learning symbol-based shorthand. First, all shorthand systems based on assigning a unique outline to a specific word and require a very considerable time to memorize tens of thousands of outlines. Second, a large number of shorthand outlines demands constant practice on a daily basis to remember all memorized symbols including the ones you haven't used but you might use them in the future. Third, depending on the form and thickness of symbols it might translate to different meaning and transcription often represents a problem. Fourth, symbol-based shorthand systems cannot be used with a computer. To make up for the missing symbols, several letters are often combined to represent a sound. This wouldn't be so difficult if a consistency could be established. For instance, the "sh" sound can be spelled in many different ways: facial, sure, she, pension, issue, commission, station. The vowel letters can be spelled in various ways. The "oo" sound has many different spellings: dune, juicy, clue, troupe, fruit, through, maneuver, wooed, troops, ooze, new, rheumatism, prove, cruise, toe, two, spoon, to. If all English words are counted, there are 28 different spellings for each sound, or over 1,100 ways to spell 40 sounds. Writing phonetically reduces the number of symbols per word but requires a very long time to learn tens of thousands of outlines. In addition, phonetically-based shorthand can be only read by the person who wrote the symbols and information exchange cannot be done easily.

Modern shorthand systems

There are a number of different shorthand systems currently in use. The most popular ones include:

Pitman Shorthand: Pitman Shorthand was devised by Sir Isaac Pitman (1813-1897) and was first published in 1837. Over the years is has been gradually improved and has been also adapted for 15 different languages. The system was widely used in the UK and USA by secretaries, reporters and writers, but lost popularity with the invention of pocket tape recorders.

Shorthand Course Outline

1 Directions to the student ( The Alphabet ).  
2 Long vowels  
3 Joined strokes  
4 Long vowels between strokes Grammalogues.  
5 Short vowels   
6 Diphthongs  
7 Phraseography tick the  
8 Circle s and z  
9 Stroke s and z  
10 Large circles sw and ss or sz   
11 Loops st and str  
12 Initial hooks to straight strokes  
13 Initial Hooks to curves   
14 Initial Hooks to curves : Alternative Forms  
15 Circles and loops to Initial Hooks  
16 n and f Hooks  
17 Circles and Loops to final Hooks   
18 ShunHooks   
19 The Aspirate   
20 uPWARD and Downword r  
21 Upward and downword L  
22 Compound consonent   
23 The Halving Principle ( section I )  
24 The halving Principle ( section 2 )  
25 The Doubling Principle  
26 Vocalization of Double consonants  
27 Diphonic OR TWO-Vowel signs  
28 w and y Diphthongs  
29 Prefixes  
30 Suffixes and Terminations  
31 Contractions  
32 Suffixes and Terminations  
33 Contractions  
34 Punctuation , Figures ETC.  
35 Writing  Materials , Note-taking and Transcription  
36 Vowel indication   
37 Special Contractions  
38 Advanced Phraseography   
39 Business Phrases And Contrations  
40 Law Phrases  
41 Legal Correspondence  
42 Intersections  
43 Names and states   
44 Name of fifty Principles cities   
45 Distinguishing outlines  
46 Significants Marks and Shorthand in Practice

Class timing : Daily 1.5 Hours

Course Fee: 15,000/-

International Certification: 37,500/-

For Admission : 0321-5056755


Shorthand Course in Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

About us

Inspire Institute of Technologies Pakistan Pvt(Ltd) is a Professional organization established in 2009, affiliated with National Training Bureau (NTB) Government of Pakistan.IIT also have affiliations from International Bodies like WSO (World Safety Organization) USA, Traccert Canada etc.

Contect info

Address: 203, 204, 2nd Floor, Dubai Plaza, 6th Road, Murree Road, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

Phone: 051-4852895 / 0321-5056755 / 0333-3300118


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